Types of echocardiograms.
  • M-mode echo is the simplest technique, and produces a one-dimensional picture of the heart that is rather flat. This test is useful for measuring the chambers of the heart.

  • Two-dimensional (2-D) echo is the most widely-used echocardiogram, producing very realistic images in computer-generated slices.

  • Doppler and Color Doppler echocardiograms show how fast and in which direction the blood is flowing within the heart. Dr. Alenick can also see how the heart valves function with this type of test.

  • Fetal echocardiography is used in fetuses to detect the structure and function of the heart as well as rhythm disturbances. It is most often used in cases of history of heart disease or genetic syndromes, or where the mother has diabetes or Rh sensitization.

  • Pediatric transesophageal echocardiography allows the doctor to image the heart from behind by passing the transducer into the esophagus. The procedure is used as an alternative to cardiac catheterization, which is a more invasive procedure.